As I think God has constructed the universe

 

By Thomas Bogtoft Moeller, Denmark

 

Abstract

 

The coherence of the universe is descript by a philosophical system, which parts the whole into a foundation, an efficacy and an impact. The universe is divided into two contradictions; a moving energy against a gravitation energy and a positive charge against a negative charge

The deferent manifestations of the universe is put into the philosophical system, and then it show deferent loops in which the universe develops.

It shows the universe as a three dimensional momentum in a non physical dimension.

 

 

 

 

Symbols

 

 

L : length††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††m : meter

A : area††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††m≤ : square meter

V : volume†††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††m≥ : cubic meter

v : velocity†††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††m/sec : meter per second

a : acceleration†††††††††††† ††††††††††††m/sec≤ : meter per square second

m : mass†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††kg : kilogram

t : time††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††sec : second

E : energy †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††J : Joule

F : force††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††N : Newton

p : pressure†††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††Pa : Pascal

P : power†††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††W : Watt

p : momentum††††††† ††††††††††††††††††kg◊m/sec : kilogram meter per second

q : charge†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† C : Coulomb

I : current††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††A : Ampere

U : voltage††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††V : Volt

E~ : electric field††† †††††††††††††††††N/C : Newton per Coulomb

B : magnetic field††††††††††††††† ††††††T : Tesla

M : magnetic flux††††††††††††††††† ††††Wb : Weber

T : temperature†††††††††††††††††† †††††††K : Kelvin

S : entropy††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††J/kg◊K : Joule per kilogram Kelvin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

This text should be seen as an explanation to the coherence of the universe. The starting point is a defined philosophical system; of which the deferent aspects of the universe will be determent. Well known physics will be put into the system, to see if new patterns appears.

 

 

 

The philosophical system

†††

The fundamental idea of the system is to divide the whole into three parts. These three parts are:

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Foundation

††††† Whole†††† ††††††††††††††Efficacy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Impact

 

They are a part of the whole, and canít exist alone. Itís the idea that the foundation is working by the efficacy to make an impact. The foundation is the basic element, the efficacy is the way, itís working, and the impact is the result.

As an example a computer can be used. The hardware is the foundation, the operating system is the efficacy, and the program is the impact. Each part can be studied on its own, but it only has a meaning, when they are connected as a whole.

 

 

 

The basic concept of physics

 

The term energy will be used widely for the deferent forms of manifestation in the universe, because everything is energy in deferent forms and on deferent levels. The term energy used in classic physics will here sometimes be called transformation energy, because itís transforming energy from one level and form to another. Rest of the time it will just be referred to as energy.

 

The structure of the atom is the base for a description of the universe. There are two contrasts in the atom. One is the gravitation energy against the moving energy. In classical physics the term potential energy and kinetic energy is used, but they are only part of wider terms. The other contrast is the two electric charges, which are negative for the electron and positive for the proton.

The contradiction between the gravitation energy and the moving energy is the electrons rotation around the much bigger proton; which holds the electron in orbit.

For now the influence of the electric charge is ignored. That means, if the gravity from the proton didnít exist, the electron would move in a direct line.

On the other hand if the electron didnít possess a moving energy, it would be pulled against the proton.

 

 

 

†††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.1

 

Another example is the solar system, where the electric energy has no influence. The planets orbit around the sun is maintained by the contradiction of the moving energy and the gravitation energy. The gravitation energy is an accumulating energy, while the moving energy is a dividing energy.

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††Fig.2

 

The electric charge has the same characteristics as the moving energy and the gravitation energy. Two deferent charges, a negative and a positive, are accumulating, while two identical charges, ex. positive and positive, is dividing. The electric energy is independent of the moving energy and the gravitation energy. It can be illustrated like this.

 

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Fig.3

 

 

 

The structure of the universe

 

The definition of the moving energy without any influence from the gravitation energy is a straight line. This line is unfolded in the three-dimensional space, there for the foundation must be length or extension. From the classical physics itís known, that a mass must have a velocity to move a distance and to gain a velocity it must have acceleration.

 

If the moving energy is put into the philosophical system, it looks like this.

 

Foundation†††††††††††† †††††length†††††††(L)††††††††† meter†††† (m)

Efficacy†††††††††††† ††††††††velocity††† †††(v)†††††††† meter per second††† (m/sec)

Impact†††††††††††††††††††††††† acceleration (a)††††††††† meter per square second†† (m/sec≤)

If the physical appearance of the moving energy is defined as length, velocity and acceleration, and it isnít influenced by gravitation energy, it must be space.

If this is correct, the conclusion must be that, when space has an extension, it must also have a velocity and an acceleration. The extension of space is working through its velocity to make its impact, an acceleration. It must be assumed that space is constantly accelerating or decelerating, because it canít pass zero, where there are no acceleration.

 

Space is extended in three dimensions, and therefore the full system looks like this.

 

Foundation††††††† L††††† length††††††††† 1 dimension

Efficacy††††††††††† A†††††† area†††††††††††† 2 dimensions

Impact†††††††††††† ††V††††† volume††††††† 3 dimensions

 

 

The full system looks like this.

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1 dim.††††††† 2 dim.††††††† 3 dim.

Foundation†††††††† †††††L††††††††††††††† A†††††††††††††† V

Efficacy††††††††††††† ††††L/t††††††††††††† A/t†††††††††††† V/t

Impact††††††††††††††† ††††L/t≤†††††††††††† A/t≤††††††††††† V/t≤

 

 

To explain the gravitation energy a transformation energy must be introduced, which

is the same as energy in classical physics. This energy rises in the tension between the moving energy and the gravitation energy.

 

moving energy transformation energy gravitation energy

 

 

If the transformation energy is put into the philosophical system, it looks like this.

 

Foundation††††† E◊t = h††† (kg◊m≤/sec) = (J◊sec) Planckís constant

Efficacy††††††††††† E††††††††††† (kg◊m≤/sec≤) = (J)†† ††††††Energy

Impact ††††††††††††E/t = P†††† (kg◊m≤/sec≥) = (J/sec)†† Power

Energy in time is working through energy to make power.

 

The formula E=m◊c≤shows the connection between the mass and energy of a particle near the speed of light, and the formulaE=f◊hshows the connection between the energy and the frequency of a wave.

Light is both a particle and a wave, so the energy must be the same.

 

E = m◊c≤ and E = f◊h m◊c≤ = f◊hm/f = h/c≤m◊t = h/c≤ = constant

 

m◊t = 7,367◊(10◊-51) kg◊sec

This means that mass in time exists, and itís a constant.††

Itís the same result as;

 

h = E◊t = (m◊t)◊c≤

 

Mass in time must exist for energy in time to exist, in the same way that light must have mass to have energy. Therefore a mass increase must exist to make power.

 

P = E/t = (m/t)◊c≤

 

Light is a wave until it hits mass, then itís transformed by a mass increase, and the energy creates power.

The gravitation energy in the philosophical system is.

 

Foundation††††††† m◊t†††††††† (kg◊sec)††††††††††††† mass in time†††††

Efficacy††††††††††††† m††††††††††††† (kg)††††††††††††††††† mass

Impact†††††††††††††† m/t††††††††† (kg/sec)†††††††††††††† mass increase

 

 

Mass increase is the impact of the gravitation energy, which means that mass is a form, where energy flows through and makes the mass increase. Itís not the mass but the mass increase; that is experienced.

 

 

 

Time and the universe in time

 

The moving energy without influence from the gravitation energy is the three dimensional space. A space energy that stretches out the three dimensional space. There for gravitation energy without influence from the moving energy must be

anti space a so-called black hole.

Thatís an area where space is totally collapsed into it self. Mass is also space energy, thatís folded into it self, but not with the same power as a black hole.

The atom exists as a tension between space and anti space.

 

The explanation must come from the conclusion; that space is constantly accelerating or decelerating. To describe this, some assumptions must be made.

First a fictive time must be defined. It must work like a clock, a regular progressing time at all times. Secondly the shape of the universe, must be defined.

Time as experienced in the universe is incorporated in the moving energy and the gravitation energy. Time rises like the transformation energy in the contradiction between the two energies. †††

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.4

 

From the relativity theory itís known that†† t^ = t/√1-(v/c)≤

 

The relative time t^ is going toward infinity for the velocity going toward the speed of light, and the relative time is going toward measured time, when the velocity is going toward zero. There for time must be related to the moving energy and the gravitation energy. The relative time is connected to the moving energy, while the measured time must be related to the gravitation energy.

The fictive time, that is assumed, is independent from the moving energy and the gravitation energy, as if the universe is observed from the outside.

 

 

There are now three different forms of time to deal with. The measurable time which is the daily life time, a regular progressing time which is connected with the development of the gravitation energy. The relative time which is a variable time; that goes from measured time to infinity, depending of the velocity of the measured object. Itís connected to the moving energy. The fictive time is like the measured time a regular progressing time, but itís independent of both the moving energy and the gravitation energy, as if the universe is observed from the outside.

 

The system looks like this.

 

Foundation†††††††††††† t.fic†††††††††† fictive time††††††††††††† anti space

Efficacy†††††††††††††††† t.rel††††††††††† relative time††††††† moving energy in space

Impact††††††††††††††††††† t.mea †††††††measurable time†† gravitation energy in space

 

†††††

Now the shape of the universe must be defined. The phenomenon that most looks like space energy must be the light, because it can behave like it have no mass. The guess will then be; that space energy also is formed like waves. Space is waves of energy in a non-measurable level.

 

Itís known that light, both can act like a wave and like a particle with a mass. The atom, which is the base of matter, is in sphere form. Matter exists in three forms; as gas, as liquid and as solid material. The solid material can get more compressed then normal under big gravity forces, and end up like a white dwarf or a black hole.††† ††††

 

The energy form changes like this.

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Fig.5

 

 

If a guess is made for the development of the universe in the fictive time, which means observed from outside the universe, the extension of space must follow a sine curve. It develops as a sphere form from nothing (anti space) by the moving energy, and itís drawn back to nothing again by gravity.

The extension of the universe in fictive time.

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.6

 

From the mathematic itís known, that the velocity will then be a cosine curve, and the acceleration will be a negative sine curve.

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††Fig.7

 

It was earlier realised, that the universe ether was constantly accelerating or decelerating. The model respects that, because itís constantly decelerating.

Explained in words the space is rapidly expanding by its beginning, the so called Big Bang. The extension is very small, but the velocity is very high, and itís already beginning to decelerate. The energy waves of space gradually vibrate slower and slower, because space is expanding fast. In the turn point of the universe, where the expansion stops, the velocity is zero, and the deceleration is at its top point, the mass starts to appear in pars of particles, because space, all though itís still expanding, is being pulled backwards from the inside.

It must be a par of particles that jumps from the non-physical space energy, because of the duality between the moving energy and the gravitation energy. The two particles must be a particle and an antiparticle. These are opposite energies, because a particle decelerates, while an antiparticle accelerates. The particle is slowly being turn against the gravitation energy and there for against mass, while the antiparticle quickly jumps back to its non-physical form as space energy. Thatís whey the universe is made of particles and why antiparticles quickly disappears.

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††Fig.8

When more and more particles occurs in space, they will be pushed together, because of the differences in the energy level compeer to the surrounding space.

Thatís whey gravity exists.

 

The particles accumulate to a hydrogen atom. The hydrogen atoms accumulate to stars, and there gravity makes more complex elements. When a star lakes fuel it will implode, and the matter in the star is thrown out in space. This will again accumulate into meteors and planets.

The inner part of a star can be pressed so hard, that it gets more compact then ordinary mass. It can turn into a white dwarf or a black hole. The black holes will eventually pull space back into anti space, and maybe a new universe will rise. †††

 

 

Moving energy†††††††††††††††††† Space energy††††††††††††† The three dimensional space

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Wave energy††††††††††††††† Photon, particle

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sphere energy††††††††††††† Gas, liquid and solid matter

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Compressed sphere energy†††† White dwarf

Gravitation energy††††††††††††† Anti space energy†††††††† Black hole

 

 

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Velocity†††††††††††††† Mass†††††††††† †††Mass increase

††††

Moving energy†††††† †††††††††††††††v = c††††††††††††††††† m = 0††††††††††††††† m/t = 0

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† photonm/t = 0,

Wave energy††††††††††††††††††† ††††v ≤c†††††††††††††††††† m ≥ 0††††††††††††††† particlem/t >0

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† antiparticlem /t < 0 Sphere energy†††††††††††††††††††††† v << c††††††††††††††† m >> 0††††† †††††††m/t >> 0

 

Gravitation energy†††††††††† †††††v = 0†††††††††††††††† m = †††††††††††††† m/t

 

 

A question to the theory could be, how can space have a high velocity at the starting point of its extension, and what is anti space. To explain this, a non-physical dimension must exist within the three dimensional space. The universe must be a three dimensional momentum in anti space, and this momentum must be a continuation of an earlier momentum from another universe. Therefore the universe had a velocity at its start.

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Fig.9

††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.10

 

 

 

Time and the speed of light

 

Time is an element in the moving- and gravitation energy, but itís only measurable, when the moving energy is transformed into gravitation energy.

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††Fig.11

 

As itís seen in the figure, this means that particles moves with the time from space energy towards mass, and antiparticles moves backwards in time away from mass to space energy. An antiparticle is therefore the only thing; that can move backwards in time.

Time is relative, because its follows the level of moving- and gravitations energy. From the relativity theory itís known, that time, mass and length is depending on the velocity of the object.

 

†††† t^ = t/√1-(v/c)≤†††††††††††††† t^ for v → c††† and††† t^ → t for v → 0

 

The relative time t^ is going toward infinity, when the velocity going toward the speed of light, and the relative time t^ is going toward the measurable time t, if the velocity v is going toward zero.

 

Itís the same with mass.

 

††† m^ = m/√1-(v/c)≤††††††††† ††m^ → ∞ for v → cand††m^ → m for v → 0

 

With the length itís a little different.

 

†† L^ = L◊√1-(v/c)≤††††††††††††† L^ → 0 for v → c††† and†††† L^ → L for v → o

 

The relative length L^ is going toward zero for the velocity going toward the speed of light, and the relative length is going toward measured length L for the velocity going toward zero.

These formulas concludes, that time, mass and length donít exist as measurably phenomenonís by the speed of light. All the conditions for space energy is present, so the conclusion must be, that the velocity of space is the same as the speed of light.

There canít exist a mass, a length or a concept of time, because this requires influence from gravitation energy. Light must be the form of transformation energy that is closest to the moving energy.

The universe will always appear boundless, because its boundaries are expanding with the same velocity as its own manifestation, and the manifestation came into existence much later then the boundaries.

 

 

 

Space and anti space

 

The moving energy under the influence of the gravitation energy is length, velocity and acceleration, but if the moving energy isnít under the influence of gravitation energy, it will not have an acceleration. The impact will be its velocity, and the foundation will be length in time.

 

Moving energy without the influence from gravitation energy.

 

Foundation†††††††††† L◊t††† ††††(m◊sec)†††††† length in time

Efficacy†††††††††††††††† L†††††† †††††††(m)†††††††††† length

Impact††††††††††† †††L/t = v†† ††††(m/sec)††††††† velocity

 

The new phenomenon is length in time L◊t the same way as energy in time (Planckís constant, E◊t) and mass in time (m◊t), and a guess would be that, length in time also is a constant (L◊t = constant), and itís related to the speed of light.

 

If the moving energy is different without the influence of the gravitation energy, then the gravitation energy must be different without the influence of the moving energy. The impact of gravitation energy without the influence of the moving energy is an uncontrollable mass increase, a mass acceleration m/t≤, because nothing prevents gravity from pulling the mass together.

 

The gravitation energy without the influence of the moving energy.

 

Foundation†††††††††††† m†††††††††††† (kg)††††††††††† mass

Efficacy††††††††††††††† m/t††††††††† (kg/sec)††††††† mass increase

Impact††††††††††††††††† m/t≤†††††††† (kg/sec≤)†††††† mass acceleration

 

The new phenomenon mass acceleration must be a black hole.

 

Together it looks like this.

 

Moving energy†††††††† L◊t

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† L†††††††† L††††††† m◊t

††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††L/t†††††† L/t†††††††† m††††††† m

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† L/t≤†††††† m/t††††† m/t

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† m/t≤†††††††† Gravitation energy

The conclusion must be, that itís through the contradiction between L◊t and m/t≤ the universe evolves.

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.12

 

The full philosophical system for the moving energy.

 

††††† Length†††††††††††††††† Area††††††††††††††† Volume

†† 1. dimension†††††† 2. dimension††† 3. dimension

††††††† L◊t††††††††††††††††††††† A◊t†††††††††††††††††† V◊t

†††††††† L†††††††††††††††††††††††† A†††††††††††††††††††††† V

††††††† L/t†††††††††††††††††††††† A/t††††††††††††††††††† V/t

††††††† L/t≤††††††† †††††††††††††A/t≤††††††††††††††††††† V/t≤

 

 

From the system it must be concluded, that there is a zero dimension, which represent time.

 

†††††† Time††††††††††††††† Length†††††††††††††††† Area††††††††††††††† ..

†† 0. dimension††††† 1. dimension††††† 2. dimension†††††† ..

††††††††† t††††††††††††††††††††††† L◊t†††††††††††††††††††† A◊t††††††††††††††† ..

†††††††† 1†††††††††††††††††††††††† L††††††††††††††††††††††††† ..†††††††††††††††† ..††††††††††††††††††††

††††††† 1/t†††††††††††††††††††††† L/t††††††††††††††††† ††††††..

††††††† 1/t≤††††††††††††††††††††† L/t≤†††††††††††††††††††††† ..

 

 

The time dimension donít belong to the three dimensional space, but itís closely related to it. It has earlier been concluded, that there must be a non-physical dimension, which contain anti space, and that it extents time and the three dimensional space. In the system the only possibility is a negative dimension.

 

††† Anti space††††††††† Time†††††††††††† Length††††††††††††† Area†††††††††††††† ..

-1. dimension†† 0. dimension1. dimension†† 2. dimension

††††† -L◊t†††††††††††††††††††† t††††††††††††††††††† L◊t†††††††††††††††††††† ..†††††††††††††††† ..

††††††† -L†††††††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††††††††††††† L††††††††††††††††††††† ..†††††††††††††††† ..

††††† -L/t††††††††††††††††††† 1/t†††††††††††††††††L/t†††††††††††††††††††† ..

††††† -L/t≤††††††††††††††††† 1/t≤††††††††††††††††† L/t≤†††††††††††††††††††† ..

 

 

The definition of a symbol for the moving energy is L◊t, but if anti space is extending the three dimensional space, the two symbols for the moving energy and the gravitation energy must come from anti space. Itís already defined, that m/t≤ is from anti space (black hole), but now itís also defined, that -L◊t is from anti space.

So -L◊t must defined the moving energy.

 

 

These two phenomenonís connect space and anti space.

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††Fig.13

 

 

Not all the phenomenonís in the schedule for the moving energy is valid.

 

 

††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.14

 

 

The relative time is a converter, between the fictive time and the measurable time. It changes elements from the fictive time into elements in measurable time. This is important, because there are only models for the development of the universe in fictive time.

 

The models for the development of the universe in fictive time are;††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

the extension L = sin t.fic , the velocityv = cos t.fic , the accelerationa = -sin t.fic

 

From classic physic itís known that;L = v◊t†† and†† v = a◊t

 

If the relative time is used with the models from the fictive time, the result would be a formula that can show the development of the universe in measurable time.

 

††††††††††††††† vmea = afic◊trel††††† and††† †††Lmea = vfic◊trel

 

 

Itís has earlier been concluded, that the velocity of space must be the speed of light. The light can behave as if it donít have a mass, and therefore it must be the physical phenomenon, thatís closest to moving energy.

 

††† vmea = c †††and therefore†† vmea = afic◊trel → c = -sin tfic◊trel → trel = -c/sin tfic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.15

 

From the relativity theory itís known, that the upper limit for the relative time is infinity, while the lower limit is the measurable time.

The curve shows the lower limit for the relative time set by the measurable time.

The largest gab between infinity and measurable time is in π/2 the turning point of the universe, while in the beginning and in the end the measurable time is losing its meaning as a measurable time. There were no measurable time in the beginning of the universe, and there will be no measurable time in the end of the universe, because the gab between infinity and measurable time is small.

 

The extension of the universe as experienced from inside the universe must then be:

†††††††††† vfic = cos tfic†† and††† Lmea = vfic◊trel††† and††† trel = -c/sin tfic

†††††††† Lmea = cos tfic◊(-c/sin tfic) = -c◊cot tfic = -c◊cot tmea

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.16

The curve shows that the universe canít be defined as having a positive extension before the turning point in π/2. The point were the universe as experienced from the outside starts to pull itself together, and the matter starts to appear.

The curve also shows that the universe is experienced as constantly expanding from the inside. This agrees with the (3. law of thermodynamics), which says that the entropy of the universe is constantly growing, and that means more and more disorder.

 

The universe will pull it-self together, but the relative time will make it look like its expanding from the inside. The measurable time will go slower and slower.

 

 

-L◊trepresent the moving energy.

 

††††††††††††††††† Lfic = sin tfic††† and†††† trel = -c/sin tfic†††† ††† -Lfic◊trel = -(L◊t)mea††

 

††††††††††††††††† -(L◊t)mea = -sin tfic ◊ -c/sin tfic†††† †††† -(L◊t)mea = c

 

-L◊tdefines the velocity of the universe, and a measurable acceleration isnít exiting, because the velocity is constant.††

 

 

 

Mechanics

 

The phenomenonís of mechanics is energy (E), force (F), power (P), pressure (p) and momentum (p). They are a part of the transformation energy, that transforms the moving energy into gravitation energy.

Earlier energy has been used as efficacy in context with Planckís constant and power, but itís also the foundation in another connection.

 

Foundation††††††††††††††† E††††††††† (J=Nm=kg◊(m/sec)≤)††††††† Energy

Efficacy†††††††††††††††††††† F††††††††† (N=kg◊m/sec≤)†††††††††††††††Force

Impact†††††††††††††††††††††† p†††††††††† (Pa=N/m≤=kg/(m◊sec≤))†† Pressure †††

 

Energy works through force as a pressure.

 

The gab between energy and force is one dimension (Nm to N), but the gab between force and pressure is two dimensions (N to N/m≤). The phenomenon that lies between force and pressure is surprisingly mass acceleration (m/t≤).

 

A schedule with variations in length and time.

 

divide†††††††††††† divide with length

with††††kg◊m≥◊sec††† kg◊m≤◊sec††† kg◊m◊sec†††††† (m◊t)††††††† kg◊sec/m†††

time†††††††† kg◊m≥††††††††††† kg◊m≤†††††††††† kg◊m†††††††††††† (m)†††††††††† kg/m

†††† ††††††kg◊m≥/sec†††††† (h)†††††††††††††††(p)†††††††††††††† (m/t)††††††† kg/m◊sec†††

†††††††††††† kg◊m≥/sec≤††††††† (E)†††††††††††††††† (F)††††††††††††† (m/t≤)†††††††††† (p)

††† †††††††††kg◊m≥/sec≥††††††† (P)†††††††††††† kg◊m/sec≥††††† kg/sec≥††††† kg/m◊sec≥

 

In the schedule a pattern and two new phenomenonís appear within the rules of the philosophical system.

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† {m◊t}

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† m

†††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††h†††††††† p†††††††m/t††††

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††E††††††††† F††††††† {m/t≤}†††† p

††††††††††††† (m/t≤)◊(V/t)††† P(m/t)◊a

 

 

If the two new phenomenonís can be explained , then there are only two exceptions from the philosophical system. Itís mass in time and mass acceleration, because they have no connection with the other phenomenonís outside the gravitation energy. Mass in time (m◊t) is a constant set by the universe, which implement Planckís constant (E◊t = h) by the formulah = (m◊t)◊c≤. Mass in timeís only function is to set the grounding together with the speed of light for the mechanical universe.

Mass acceleration is a part of anti space, and therefore a non-physical phenomenon. It canít interact with the other phenomenonís, which are influenced by the moving energy.

The two new phenomenonís can be explained, as mass acceleration (anti space) multiplied with the volume velocity of space (three dimensional space), and mass increase multiplied with gravity acceleration.

The first phenomenon shows the development of space (moving energy) and anti space (gravitation energy). The velocity of space makes the mass by the loss of moving energy.

The other phenomenon shows the identity of matter in the universe. Mass increase is the impact of gravitation energy, and the gravity acceleration is the way, it have a influence on other matter. It can also be explained as gravity force per second (F/t). The growth of the gravitation energy.

 

When mass in time and mass acceleration are disregarded, and the two new phenomenonís of the transformation of space and the symbol for matter are put into the system, then three development loops occurs.

 

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.17

 

Itís through these loops the mechanical universe develops. The first loop represent the development of the whole universe, the second represent the particle universe, and the third loop represent the classical physics.

 

In the last loop itís only mass increase, thatís not known, else thereís nothing new. The first system in the loop shows, that a mass through a momentum makes energy.

 

The second system shows that energy through force makes pressure. The third system is more problematic, because it shows that pressure through mass increase makes mass. The deferent level of energy inside and outside mass makes a pressure, that increases the mass, which makes a stable mass.

 

The first system in the second loop shows, that energy in time through energy makes power. The second system shows, that power through force makes mass increase, because power represent a loss of moving energy. The third system shows, that mass increase through momentum makes energy in time. This have been explained earlier. The transformation of moving energy towards gravitation energy is made by a mass increase, and because of this increase mass can change and therefore create transformation energy in time. The formula P = (m/t)◊c≤ shows the essence of the loop.

 

The first loop is the most difficult to understand, because there is two new phenomenonís to comprehend. The first system in the loop shows, that a momentum through an energy transforms space into anti space, and therefore makes matter. The second system shows, that this transformation through power makes matter with increasing gravity.

The third system shows, that the increasing gravity through force again makes a momentum. This will later be elaborated, but itís already mentioned that space must be a momentum in anti space, and probably a new universe will rise again as a momentum in anti space from this universe.

 

 

 

Electro-magnetism

 

What brings structure in the universe? The answer must be the electrical charge in the elementary particles. The electrical charge can make different structures in the matter, because they are both a accumulating and a scattering force, and therefore have a structural effect within the gravitation energy.

 

††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.18

 

With the electrical charge, there is always an electrical field and a magnetic field.

 

The basic elements of electro-magnetism are:

†††

Charge†††††††††††††††† q††††††††††† (coulomb = C)

Current†††††††††††††† I = q/t††††† (ampere = A)

Voltage††††††††††††††† U†††††††††††† (volt = V)

Electric field†††††† E~

Magnetic field†††† B

Magnetic flux††††† M††††††††††† (Tesla = T)

 

Those elements can be (split up) into two parts. One is the definition of the electric charge, and the other is the interaction between electricity and magnetism.

The definition of the electric charge.

 

Foundation††††††† q◊t†††††††††††† (C◊sec)†††††††††† Charge in time

Efficacy††††††††††††† q†††††††††††††††† (C)††††††††††††††† Charge

Impact†††††††††††† q/t = I†††††† (C/sec = A)††† †††Current

 

Charge in time canít be defined unambiguously, because charge is (at right angle to) the time line, which is the same as the moving and gravitation energy line, but the charge must be defined in time, as mass and length have been.

 

The electro-magnetic elements can be scheduled like this.

 

divide†††† multiply with length →

with††††††††† kg/C††††††††††† kg◊m/C††††††††††† kg◊m≤/C†††††††††† kg◊m≥††

time†††††††††† (B)†††††††††† kg◊m/sec◊C††††††††† (M)††††††††††† kg◊m≥/sec◊C†††

†††† ††††† kg/sec≤◊C†††††††††† (E~)†††††††††††††††† (U)†††††††††††† kg◊m≥/sec≤◊C

†† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††kg◊m/sec≥◊C†† kg◊m≤/sec≥◊C

 

 

Extracted.

 

†††††††† B††††††† ..††††† M†††††† ..

†††††††† ..†††††† E~†††† U†††††† ..

††††††††††††††††† ..††††††† ..

The loop looks deferent from the loops in the mechanic universe, but if the phenomenonís are compared to the particle loop in the mechanic universe, it turns out very interesting.

 

Voltage†††††††††††††††††††††† U†††††††††† kg◊m≤/sec≤◊C = J/C†††††††††††† †††††††† U = E/q

Magnetic flux†††††††††††† M†††††††††† kg◊m≤/sec◊C = J◊sec/C†††††† †††††††† M = h/q

Magnetic field††††††††††† B††††††††††† kg/sec◊C = (kg/sec)/C†††††††† †††††††† B = (m/t)/q

Electric field††††††††††††† E~††††††††† kg◊m/sec≤◊C = N/C†††† †††††††††††††††† E~ = F/q

 

 

Now the two missing phenomenonís can be put in the loop.

 

††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.19

 

The electro-magnetic loop is running in the opposite direction then the mechanic loop.

 

One of the new phenomenonís is power per charge, and this is a natural thing, because the electro-magnetic loop have to make an impact on the mechanic universe, or else the electro-magnetic elements wouldnít be recognized.

Now two of the strings in the system can be explained.

 

Foundation††††††††††††††† B = (m/t)/q†††††††††††† Magnetic field, mass increase per charge

Efficacy††††††††††††††††††† E~ = F/q†††††††††††††††† Electric field, force per charge

Impact††††††††††††††††††††††††† P/q†††††††††††††††††††††† Power per charge

 

The magnetic field works through the electric field to make power per charge.

 

Foundation†††††††††††††††††† P/q†††††††††††††††††††††† Power per charge

Efficacy†††††††††††††††††††† U = E/q††††††††††††††††† Voltage, Energy per charge

Impact†††††† ††††††††††††††††M = h/q††††††††††††††††† Magnetic flux, Planckís constant per charge

 

Power per charge works through voltage to make the magnetic flux.

 

The problem is in the last string, because there is a gab between the magnetic flux and magnetic field. The gab can be explained as momentum per charge, but this isnít a measurably phenomenon. That leaves two options, which both could be right at the same time.

The first option is to continue the loop, so the electric field becomes the impact.

 

Foundation ††††††††††††††††M††††††††††††††† magnetic flux

Efficacy††††††††††††††††††††† B†††††††††††††††† magnetic field

Impact††††††††††††††††††††††† E~†††††††††††††† electric field

 

The magnetic flux works through the magnetic field to make the electric field.

Then the string goes on.

 

Foundation†††††††††††††††† E~†††††††††††††† electric field

Efficacy†††††††††††††††††††† P/q†††††††††††††† power per charge

Impact††††††††††††††††††††††† U†††††††††††††††† voltage

 

The electric field works through the power per charge to make voltage.

 

Foundation†††††††††††††††† U†††††††††††††††† voltage

Efficacy††††††††††††††††††††† M††††††††††††††† magnetic flux

Impact†††††††††††††††††††††††† B††††††††††††††† magnetic field

 

The voltage works through the magnetic flux to make the magnetic field.

 

The other possibility is a phenomenon to the right of the magnetic flux. This is a special phenomenon, because it have the value of (kg◊m≥/sec◊C) or mass, volume, time and charge (m◊V)/(t◊q) four of the ground elements in the universe.

 

††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.20

 

What is momentum per charge (p/q). Itís not a measurably phenomenon, but it could therefore be a symbol for something.

The figure that represent the universe.

††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.21

 

If the symbol for the moving energy is multiplied with the symbol for the gravitation energy, the result is momentum

 

†††† -(L◊t)◊(m/t≤) = -m◊L/t = -m◊v = -p

 

So the figure shows the three dimensional space as Ėp/q. The opposite phenomenon must be a symbol for anti space Ėq/p.

 

††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.22

 

If these two phenomenonís are placed into the philosophical system, it will be.

 

Foundation†††††††††††††††††† -q/p†††††††††††††Anti space

Efficacy††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1†††††††††††††††† Constant

Impact††††††††††††††††††††††††† -p/q†††††††††††††† Space

 

The constant 1 is the only thing that can connect the two phenomenonís, because they are each others contrasts. In the 0. dimension (time) in space, there is also a constant of 1, and time is stretched out between space and anti space.

So a very simple symbol of the universe will look like this.

 

†††††††† Anti space Time Space

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† t

†††† †††††††††††††††††-q/p 1 -p/q

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1/t

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1/t≤

 

Thermodynamics

 

The matter is a coexistence between the moving energy and the gravitation energy, and when the matter is going toward the total gravitation energy, it must transform all its moving energy. This process produces heat, which is measured as temperature. The temperature T (Kelvin = K) has a absolute zero, where no energy is exchanged. The temperatures connection with the moving energy is measured by entropy S (J/(kg◊K)).

 

†††††††††† S = J/(kg◊K) = (m/sec)≤/K†† †††† S = v≤/T

 

Itís known that the moving energy appears in form of (v≤), when it has an effect in the universe. E = m◊c≤andE = Ĺm◊v≤.

The temperature represents the inner moving energy in the matter, so the entropy reflects the connection between the outer and the inner moving energy of the matter.

 

From the physics itís known, that the entropy of the universe is growing, and that an growing entropy means more disorder. The universe must be constantly expanding. This agrees with the theory, that the universe from the inside is experienced as constantly growing.

At the same time itís known, that the transformation energy or just energy is converting from exergy to anergy. Exergy is transformable energy, moving energy, and anergy is non transformable energy, gravitation energy.

Itís a paradox, that the universe is expanding, while moving energy is transformed into gravitation energy, but the explanation is connected to the relativity of time.

The change from moving energy to gravitation energy, also reflects on the experience of time, so while the universe really is collapsing, itís experienced as growing.

In connection with that itís known, that the moving energy v≤ is growing, and the temperature is going toward zero.

 

†††††††††††††† v≤ → ∞†† and†† T → 0††††† so†††† S = v≤/T → ∞

 

This could explain the paradox of the thermodynamics.

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

The universe consists of five elements.

 

Length, area, volume†††† L,A,V†††† meter, square meter, cubic meter(m,m≤,m≥)

Mass†††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††m††††††††† ††kilogram†† (kg)

Time†††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††t††††††††††† second†† (sec)

Charge†††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††q†††††††† †††coulomb(C)

Temperature††††††††††††††††† †††††T††††††††††† Kelvin†† (K)

 

 

The universe is extended between the moving energy (ĖL◊t) and the gravitation energy (m/t≤) in one direction and between negative and positive charge in the other.

 

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††Fig.23

 

The transformation from moving energy toward gravitation energy takes place in three mechanical development loops. One for the whole universe, one for the particle part and one for the classic mechanics.

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.24

 

 

The moving energy consists of the three dimensional space and the 0. dimension time, which connect to a negative dimension represented by (-L◊t).

 

 

†††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.25

 

 

The electro-magnetic loop is a backward version of the particle loop in the mechanical part.

 

†††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.26

 

In the loop there is a non measurable phenomenon, momentum per charge (p/q), which is the symbol for the whole universe, because the symbol for moving energy†† (-L◊t) multiplied with the symbol for gravitation energy (m/t≤) gives momentum (-p).

 

†† (-L◊t)◊(m/t≤) = -m◊v = -p

 

So the full symbol of the universe is represented by momentum on one direction and by charge in the other.

If the symbol of the three dimensional space is momentum per charge, the symbol of anti space must be charge per momentum.

 

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Fig.27

 

These two symbols with the 0.dimension time give a simple symbol for the whole universe.

 

†† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††t

††††††††††††††††††††††† -(q/p) 1 -(p/q)

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1/t

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1/t≤